نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه میکروبیولوژی ، دانشکده علوم زیستی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال

2 دانشجوی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال

چکیده

در دنیای امروزی که با تهدید عوامل بیماریزا مواجه است، انسان ها ناچار به کشف راه حل های جدید برای مقابله با این عوامل هستند. SARS-CoV-2 یکی از جدیدترین عوامل تهدید کننده نسل بشر می باشد که به علت جهش هایی که در آن رخ داده است، باعث افزایش شیوع بیماری کرونا شده است. در 11 مارس 2020، سازمان بهداشت جهانی (WHO)، شیوع ویروس کرونا را یک بیماریPandemic معرفی کرد. یکی از اهداف مورد مطالعه ویروس شناسان بین المللی این است که مکانیسم های مقاومت بدن انسان های مقاوم در برابر ویروس را شناسایی کنند وازاین مکانیسم ها در جهت درمان ویا پیشگیری از بیماری کرونا استفاده کنند. حتی اگر واکسن مناسب وجود نداشته باشد، شاید از طریق مطالعه دقیق سیستم ایمنی افرادی که بهبود یافته اند، بتوان پادتن های مشابهی را جداسازی نمود که به عضله تزریق و به یکباره تعداد پادتن های تولید شده را میلیون ها برابر افزایش داد. بروز بدون علامت کرونا ویروس در افراد ممکن است یک مسئله مهم بهداشت عمومی را ایجاد کند. تصاویر سی تی اسکن یک روش بسیار خوب برای تشخیص بیماران مبتلا به پنومونی ناشی از کرونا ویروس جدید است. برای بیماری که اولین علامت او تب بوده انجام تصویربرداری CT برای او در اسرع وقت ضروری است. در این مقاله ساختار و عملکرد ویروس، جهش، مسیرهای انتقال ویروس، علائم بیماری ، تشخیص آزمایشگاهی، تفسیر تست COVID-19 ، پیشگیری، جدیدترین گزینه های درمانی و آخرین آمار مبتلایان در جهان مورد بررسی قرار میگیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

A Review of the Causes of Incidence, Transmission, and Clinical Symptoms of Coronary Pandemic: An Unknown Crisis in the World

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohaddeseh Larypoor 1
  • Mehran Abdollahi 2

1 Department of Microbiology,Faculty of Biological Sciences,Islamic Azad University,North Tehran Branch

2 Student of Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch

چکیده [English]

In today's world threatened by pathogens, humans are forced to discover new solutions to these pathogens. SARS-CoV-2 is one of the newest threats to the human race, which has increased the incidence of coronary heart disease due to mutations in it. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak of corona virus as a pandemic disease. One of the goals of international virologists is to identify the mechanisms of resistance of the human body to the virus and to use these mechanisms to treat or prevent coronary heart disease. That is, even if we do not know what the right vaccine is, perhaps by carefully studying the immune systems of people who have improved, we can create similar antibodies that are injected into a muscle and increase the number of antibodies produced by millions at a time. Asymptomatic outbreaks of coronavirus in individuals may pose an important public health problem. CT scans are a great way to diagnose patients with the new coronavirus pneumonia. For a patient whose first symptom is fever, CT imaging is necessary as soon as possible. This article examines the structure and function of the virus, mutations, routes of transmission, symptoms, laboratory diagnosis, interpretation of the COVID-19 test, prevention, the latest treatment options, and the latest statistics on the number of cases worldwide.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • SARS-CoV-2
  • COVID-19
  • Pandemic
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