برنامه ریزی لجستیک بشردوستانه یک زنجیره تامین خدمت مربوط به بیمارستان‌های سیار در شرایط بحران با اولویت‌بندی مناطق

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

2 استادیار، دپارتمان مهندسی صنایع ، دانشکده فنی مهندسی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

چکیده

یکی از مسائل بسیار مهم روز، حوادث و رخداد­های طبیعی و آثار شدید و مخرب جانی و مالی مربوط به آن­ها است. با توجه به این که در شرایط بحرانی زمان مورد نیاز برای خدمت­رسانی و ارسال کالاهای امدادی بسیار محدود است؛ بنابراین با توجه به محدودیت­های موجود، ضرورت نیاز به تعریف شرایطی ویژه برای امدادرسانی با هدف کاهش تلفات به وضوح روشن است. این تحقیق در حوزه یک زنجیره تامین خدمت، یک سیستم خدمات پزشکی حیاتی سیار مبتنی بر تعریف بیمارستان­های سیاری که وظیفه خدمت­رسانی به بیماران دارای اولویت­های پزشکی در مناطق آسیب­دیده را دارند تعریف می­کند. دو هدف حداقل کردن هزینه­های امدادرسانی و زمان خدمت­رسانی که به ترتیب مبتنی بر معیارهای اقتصادی و اجتماعی هستند برای تعیین مکان­های توزیع، مسیر بهینه ارسال بیمارستان­ها و همچنین میزان ظرفیت خدمت­رسانی بیمارستان­ها در زمان رخداد حادثه در نظر گرفته شده­ است. مدل مسئله مورد نظر با استفاده از روش  با در نظرگرفتن تابع هدف مربوط به زمان خدمت­رسانی به عنوان هدف اصلی حل شده است و جبهه پارتو مربوط به حل مدل ارائه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Humanitarian Logistics Planning of a Service Supply Chain for Mobile Hospitals in Crisis Condition with Prioritizing Areas

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amin Farahbakhsh 1
  • Parvaneh Samouei 2
1 دانشگاه بوعلی سینا
2 assistant professor, department of industrial engineering, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

One of the most significant issues nowadays is natural disasters and their severe and devastating vital and financial effect. As in crisis situations, the time required to service and deliver relief goods is extremely limited, therefore, with regard to existing restrictions, the need to define special conditions for relief with a view to alleviating casualties is clearly evident. This research in the scope of a service supply chain defines a vital mobile medical service system based on the definition of mobile hospitals that serve patients with medical priorities in the affected areas. The two objectives of minimizing relief cost and service time, which are based on economic and social criteria, respectively, are intended to define the distribution locations, the optimal route of hospital delivery, and also the capacity of hospitals to serve in case of casualty. The problem model is solved using the constraint method by considering the objective function of the service time as the main objective, and the Pareto frontier of the model solution is presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Multi-Objective Programming
  • Crisis Situation
  • Mobile Hospital
  • Service Supply Chain
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